Since the early Sumerians, who invented writing in ancient Mesopotamia about 3000 BC, humanity has been altering, storing, and exchanging knowledge. However, it wasn’t until the middle of the 20th century, with the advent of early office technology, that the word IT became widely used.
The phrase was initially used by writers Thomas C. Whistler and Harold J. Leavitt in the Harvard Business Review in 1958 when they wrote, “The new technology does not yet have a single established name.
The History of Information Technology
The Colossus computers, developed between 1943 and 1945, are commonly regarded as the first programmable digital electronic computers ever made. The Colossus system gained notoriety because it intercepted and analyzed German Enigma-encrypted communications throughout World War II.
In his 1936 landmark article “On Computable Numbers,” English mathematician, theoretical biologist, and computer scientist Alan Turing conceptualized modern computers, where programmable commands are stored in the memory of a machine.
The Victoria University of Manchester’s Manchester Mark 1 was another early programmed computer. While Geoff Tootill, Tom Kilburn, and Fredric C. Williams started developing the machine in August 1948, it wasn’t until 1949 that it was ready for use.
The Manchester Mark 1 sparked a long-running argument with the Neurosurgery at Manchester University department when British media sources described it as an electronic brain. If the electronic computer would ever be creative, they questioned.
The first computer for general use was not marketed until 1951, when Ferranti International plc, an electrical engineering firm, developed the Ferranti Mark 1. The Victoria University of Manchester was the first institution to use the Ferranti Mark 1, also known as the Manchester Electronic Computer.
The Lyons Tea Corporation created Leo I, the first computer designed to perform commercial business applications, in 1951 to boost production.
Politicians use information technology in various ways to affect how different people develop within their particular fields. Popular social media sites like Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter are practical communication tools that make politicians more popular. In the majority of political contests, technology plays a key role. Thanks to technology, politicians can raise funding, get political backing, and spend less on marketing and promoting their candidacy.
Today, significant technological changes are changing businesses, society, and the economy. The rise of information technology trends, such as Cloud, Social Media, and Big Data, which are reshaping the face of the global economy, now affects every sector significantly, if not entirely. The primary effect of this development is the replacement of particular employment, which has altered the distribution of the most in-demand positions on the worldwide market and is also enabling and producing new position profiles for jobs.
The global economy is undergoing a rapid transition. Internet, social media, big data trends, and mobile technology have sparked a surge of innovations reshaping conventional sectors and generating thousands of new businesses and jobs. From healthcare to business models, education, art (NFTs), and more, almost all fields have been impacted by the advance in IT.